Note from TheGardeningSnail: This page was prepared by running a PDF Image File through a program which converts Image to Print. My apologies for any textual Gremlins that may have crept in. I may also have broken up some of the larger paragraphs and highlighted a few sections.
Meeting Date: June 06, 2017
AGENDA ITEM: Waive Second Reading and Adopt Ordinance No. of the City Council of the City of Livingston Amending Title 8, “Health and Sanitation” to Add Chapter 9, “Camping and Storage of Personal Property” to the Municipal Code.
MEETING DATE: June 6, 2017
PREPARED BY: Jose M. Sanchez, City Attorney, Ruben Chavez, Acting City Manager/Police Chief
Waive second reading and adopt Ordinance No. _ of the City Council of the City of Livingston Amending Title 8, “Health and Sanitation” to Add Chapter 9, “Camping and Storage of Personal Property” to the Municipal Code.
BACKGROUND AND DISCUSSION:
This Ordinance was introduced at the April 28, 2017 City Council meeting. At that meeting, after a public hearing, Council discussed the language and the implications of the Ordinance. During the discussion, Council requested that staff add language that would limit the initial fine to one hundred dollars ($100), and two hundred dollars ($200) for subsequent violations within the same year. As a result of Council’s direction, the following language was added to Section 8-9-9 of the Ordinance:
For purposes of this Section, an administrative citation shall be punished for a first violation by a fine not exceeding one hundred dollars ($100.00), and for subsequent violations of the same offense within one (1) year, by a fine not exceeding two hundred dollars ($200.00).
At the May 16, 2017 City Council meeting, the City Council discussed the above revision and also discussed a further revision which would allow the City Manager to issue a camping permit for any camping on private property that continues for more than three consecutive nights. As a result of that discussion and request from Council, Section 8-9- 7 of the Ordinance was revised to read, in part, as follows:
The City Manager may, in his or her discretion, issue a permit to establish, maintain and operate a camp or a camp facility in connection with a special event or to allow overnight camping on private residential property that will be more than three (3) consecutive nights.
This change would allow the City Manager to issue a camping permit to a property owner who desires to have guests camp on his or her property for more than three consecutive nights. The issuance of the permit would be within the City Manager’s discretion and the City Manager could consider health, safety and sanitation concerns relating to the request for the camping permit. The City could charge, if established by the City Council through resolution, a reasonable fee for the camping permit.
The Ordinance, with all of the above-referenced revisions, was introduced and the first reading waived at the conclusion of the May 16, 2017 public hearing relating to this Ordinance. This would be the second reading and adoption of the Ordinance, with all revisions.
Fines for infractions and administrative citations, based upon the new language added to the Ordinance, will be limited to one hundred dollars ($100) for the first violation and for subsequent violations of the same offense, within one (1) year, a second fine of two hundred dollars ($200). The City may incur costs related to prosecution of a violation of the proposed camping ordinance. The costs to the City will vary depending upon the method of enforcement selected.
The City might also incur some costs relating to staff time for the issuance of the camping permits, however, the City could recover those costs through a camping permit fee.
1. Ordinance No. —
CITY OF LIVINGSTON ORDINANCE NO. _
AN ORDINANCE OF THE CITY COUNCIL OF THE CITY OF LIVINGSTON AMENDING TITLE 8 “HEALTH AND SANITATION” TO ADD
CHAPTER 9 “CAMPING AND STORAGE OF PERSONAL PROPERTY” TO THE MUNICIPAL CODE
WHEREAS, the City Council of the City of Livingston strives to enact ordinances that protect the health and safety of the community in the City of Livingston; and
WHEREAS, to ensure that health and safety of the community, an ordinance to keep public spaces safe, clean, free from obstruction, readily accessible, and available for use by the public is necessary; and
WHEREAS, abusive camping practices have been found to cause environmental harms such as increased litter, fires, destruction of wildlife habitat, and water pollution; and
WHEREAS, by enacting this Ordinance, the City Council of the City of Livingston does not intend to criminalize homelessness but rather to address and formalize a policy against the use of public and private property, streets, sidewalks and other areas for camping, and/or storage of personal property when said use interferes with the rights of others and adversely affects the health and safety of the community.
THE CITY COUNCIL OF THE CITY OF LIVINGSTON DOES ORDAIN AS FOLLOWS:
SECTION 1. Title 8 “Health and Sanitation” is hereby amended to add Chapter 9 “Camping and Storage of Personal Property” to read as follows:
CAMPING AND STORAGE OF PERSONAL PROPERTY
8-9-1: Purpose and Authority. 8-9-2: Definitions.
8-9-3 : Camping Prohibited.
8-9-4 : Storage of Property Prohibited.
8-9-5: Property Removal.
8-9-6 : Property Disposition.
8-9-7 : Camping Permit.
8-9-8 : Posting Copy of Permit.
8-9-1 : Purpose and Authority.
(A) The streets and public areas within the City should be readily accessible and available to residents and the public at large. The use of these areas for camping purposes or storage of personal property interferes with the rights of others to use the areas for which they were intended. Such activity can constitute a public health and safety hazard which adversely impacts neighborhoods and commercial areas. Camping on private property without the consent of the owner, proper sanitary measures, and for other than a minimal duration adversely affects private property rights as well as public health, safety, and welfare of the City.
The purpose of this Chapter is to maintain streets, parks and other public and private areas within the City in a clean, sanitary and accessible condition, and to adequately protect the health, safety and public welfare of the community, while recognizing that, subject to reasonable conditions, camping and camp facilities associated with special events can be beneficial to the cultural and educational climate in the City. Nothing in this Chapter is intended to interfere with otherwise lawful and ordinary uses of public or private property.
(B) This Chapter is adopted consistent with the City’s police power provided by Article XI, section 7 of the State of California Constitution and is necessary to preserve the public peace, safety and general welfare of the citizens.
8-9-2 : Definitions.
Unless the particular provisions or the context otherwise requires, the definitions contained in this Section shall govern the construction, meaning, and application of words and phrases used in this Chapter.
(A) “Camp” or “Camping” shall mean to pitch or occupy camp facilities, or to use camp paraphernalia to live temporarily in a camp facility or outdoors.
(B) “Camp facilities” shall mean tents, huts or temporary shelters, and the like.
(C) “Camp paraphernalia” shall mean tarpaulins, cots, beds, sleeping bags, hammocks, fire stoves and similar equipment.
(D) “Establish” shall mean setting up or moving equipment, supplies or materials on to public or private property to “camp” or operate camp facilities.
(E) “Maintain” shall mean keeping or permitting equipment, supplies or materials to remain on public or private property in order to camp or operate camp facilities.
(F) “Operate” shall mean participating or assisting in establishing or maintaining a camp or camp facility.
(G) “Park” shall mean any public space designated as a park by the City of Livingston.
(H) “Personal effects” shall mean important documents such as birth certificate or driver’s license, medication, eye glasses, or other medical devices, a sanitary and non verminous sleeping bag or bed roll, tents in usable and reasonably good condition, clean and non-verminous clothing stored in a manner protecting it from the elements, and personal property which would have obvious sentimental or monetary value to a reasonable person.
(I) “Personal property” shall mean property that is movable, as opposed to real property or real estate.
(J) “Private property” shall mean all private property including, but not limited to, streets, sidewalk, alleys, and improved or unimproved land.
(K) “Public property” shall mean all public property including, but not limited to, streets, sidewalks, alleys, improved or unimproved land and parks.
(L) “Store” shall mean to keep, put aside or accumulate for future use when needed.
(M) “Street” shall include all alleys, lanes, courts, boulevards, public ways, public squares, public places and sidewalks.
8-9-3 : Camping Prohibited.
It is unlawful and a public nuisance for any person to camp, occupy camp facilities, or use camp paraphernalia in the following areas:
(A) Any public property; or
(B) Any private property.
(1) It is not intended by this Section to prohibit overnight camping on private residential property by friends or family of the property owner, so long as the owner consents and the overnight camping is limited to not more than three (3) consecutive nights, unless a permit is obtained pursuant to Section 8-9-7 for a period of more than three (3) consecutive nights.
(2) Nothing in this Chapter is intended to prohibit or make unlawful, activities of an owner of private property, or other lawful user of private property, that are normally associated with and incidental to the lawful and authorized use of private property for residential or other purposes; and provided further, nothing is intended to prohibit or make unlawful, activities of a property owner or other lawful user if such activities are expressly authorized by the Livingston Municipal Code or other laws, ordinances and regulations.
(3) The City Manager, or his or her designee, may, as provided in Section 8-9-7 of this Chapter, issue a temporary permit to allow camping on public or private property in connection with a special event or to allow overnight camping on private residential property that will be more than three (3) consecutive nights.
8-9-4 : Storage of Property Prohibited.
It is unlawful and a public nuisance for any person to store personal property, including camp paraphernalia, in the following areas, except as otherwise provided by resolution of the City Council:
(A) Any public property; or
(B) Any private property without the written consent of the owner.
8-9-5 : Property Removal.
Any City law enforcement officer or code enforcement officer may remove personal property unlawfully stored as follows:
(A) The location of any personal property, including camp facilities and paraphernalia, shall be tagged and dated with a notice including the following:
“It is illegal to store personal property in a City park, street, public parking lot, or public area, improved or unimproved and on private property without the written consent of the owner of that property. If this personal property is not removed by (specify at least forty-eight (48) hours from posting), THIS PERSONAL PROPERTY SHALL BE DEEMED INTENTIONALLY ABANDONED AND SUBJECT TO REMOVAL AND POSSIBLE DESTRUCTION. Remaining on the property after the date specified in this notice may cause further law enforcement action. Shelter is available at the following locations:”
(list shelters in local area)
(B) The City law enforcement officer or code enforcement officer may remove any personal property still unlawfully stored or remaining after the posting period has expired, but shall leave a written notice at the location of confiscation confirming that a seizure has occurred pursuant to this Chapter, and providing instructions on how to claim the property.
8-9-6 : Property Disposition.
(A) Following removal of unlawfully stored or remaining personal effects pursuant to section 8-9-5, a City law enforcement officer or code enforcement officer shall:
(1) Maintain an inventory identifying the personal effects, where the personal effects were approximately located, and the reasonable value of each item;
(2) Place the removed personal effects in containers labeled in a manner facilitating identification by the enforcement officer and owner and which reasonably protect such property from damage or theft; and
(3) Store removed personal effects in an area designated by the enforcement officer for a period of ninety (90) days in accordance with California Civil Code § 2080, et seq. (as amended) and shall, to the extent reasonably practical, and without any duty to investigate the recommended storage parameters, properly store perishable items such as medication.
(4) Any personal property or personal effects which a City law enforcement officer or code enforcement officer deems to be biohazardous or contaminated with a hazardous material including, but not limited to, items with feces, urine, fungus or vermin infestation, will be photographed but shall not be stored pursuant to this section and shall be properly disposed.
(B) If personal effects are claimed within ninety (90) days from removal, unless the property is connected to a crime or is illegal to possess, a City law enforcement officer or code enforcement officer shall release the stored property to the owner upon his or her identification of the property, and the approximate location where the property was left by the owner.
(C) Unlawfully stored or found personal effects pursuant to this Chapter remaining unclaimed at the end of ninety (90) days from removal shall be disposed of pursuant to California Civil Code § 2080, et seq. (as amended), and may be sold at a public auction, dedicated for public use, or given for charitable use to a local nonprofit agency by the City.
8-9-7 : Camping Permit .
The City Manager may, in his or her discretion, issue a permit to establish, maintain and operate a camp or a camp facility in connection with a special event or to allow overnight camping on private residential property that will be more than three (3) consecutive nights. A special event is intended to include, but not be limited to, programs operated by youth or school events, marathons or other sporting events and scouting activities.
The City Manager may consult with various City departments, the health officer and the public prior to issuing any temporary permit. Each department or person consulted may provide comments regarding any health, safety or public welfare concerns, and provide recommendations pertaining to the issuance, denial or conditioning of the permit.
A reasonable fee, to be set by the City Council, shall be paid in advance by the applicant. The fee shall be returned if the application is denied. In exercising his or her discretion to issue a temporary permit, the City Manager may consider any facts or evidence bearing on the sanitary, health, safety and welfare conditions on or surrounding the area or tract of land upon which the proposed temporary camp or camp facility is to be located.
8-9-8 : Posting Copy of Permit.
It is unlawful for any person to establish, maintain, conduct or carry on any camp or camp facility unless there shall be at all times, posted in a conspicuous place upon the area or tract of land upon which the camp or camp facility is located, a permit obtained from the City Manager in accordance with the provisions of Section 8-9-7 of this Chapter.
8-9-9 : Violation.
A violation of this Section shall be prosecuted in accordance with Section 1-4-3 of the Livingston Municipal Code. In addition to other penalties provided by the code, any violation of this Chapter, or other City ordinance, or any condition caused or permitted to exist in violation of any of the provisions of this code, is a public nuisance and may be abated as such by the City.
For purposes of this Section, an administrative citation shall be punished for a first violation by a fine not exceeding one (1) hundred dollars ($100.00), and for subsequent violations of the same offense within one year, by a fine not exceeding two hundred dollars ($200.00).”
SECTION 2. Authority. This Ordinance is adopted pursuant to the authority granted by the State of California Constitution and State law, including but not limited to Article XI, Section 7 of the State of California Constitution.
SECTION 3. Severability. If any provision of this Ordinance or the application thereof to any person or circumstance is held invalid, such invalidity shall not affect other provisions or applications of the Ordinance which can be given effect without the invalid provision or application. To this end, the provisions of the Ordinance are severable. This City Council hereby declares that it would have adopted this Ordinance irrespective of the invalidity of any particular portion thereof.
SECTION 4. Effective Date. This Ordinance shall become effective thirty (30) days after its final passage and adoption.
Passed and Adopted:
Jim Soria, Mayor
of the City of Livingston
State of California ) County of Merced ) City of Livingston )
I hereby certify that the foregoing Ordinance was duly introduced at a Regular Meeting of the
City Council of the City of Livingston on the day of ,2017, and was passed
and adopted at a Regular Meeting of the City Council of the City of Livingston this of .2017, by the following vote:
Antonio Silva, City Clerk of the City of Livingston